The Gregorian Institute Shield, composed of the crossed gold and silver keys of the Papal Insignia, an open book with the words 'Via Veritas Vita' ('The Way, the Truth, and the Life') written on its pages, three golden six-sided stars on a red banner, and a Germanic cross.

at BENEDICTINE COLLEGE

It’s Hard to Follow Peter. Ask St. Paul and St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

It can be hard to follow the Pope — to accept direction from outside ourselves, to respect every pope, the ones we like and the ones we don’t have a natural affinity for.

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton could be the patron saint of people who follow the pope when it’s hard.

St. Paul also had difficulty following St. Peter — including having to correct him.

But today’s Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul stands as a testimony that the two great Apostles were reconciled to each other in the end by their shared witness to Jesus Christ in Rome, where both were martyred.

Jesus in today’s Gospel tells “Simon, son of Jonah” that “you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church … I will give you the keys to the Kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”

The Catechism says that this authority has been given to all the popes after Peter. The Pope “is the perpetual and visible source and foundation of the unity” of the Church, it explains, and “the Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of the entire Church has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered.”

But before Jesus gives the keys of the kingdom to Peter, he asks his Apostles, “Who do people say the son of man is?”

It is Peter who answers, “You are the Christ, the son of the living God.”

“Blessed are you,” Jesus replies, before giving him his special commission. “For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you but my heavenly Father.”

Peter became a leader for the whole Church, but only after he followed Jesus Christ on behalf of the whole Church.

Episcopalian convert, St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, had to suffer to accept the pope’s leadership.

It is easy to follow St. Peter, since we know and love the stories about him in the Bible. It is even easy to follow a pope who is an inspirational figure to us; it is exceedingly difficult to follow one who is not an inspirational figure to us.

It was much harder for a Protestant in early America to follow the pope. In a country that had just declared independence from a foreign power, the Pope was an Italian potentate who lived across the sea.

It was even more difficult for Elizabeth because, when she did convert and become a pope follower, she suffered scorn and rejection from the people she loved and respected most.

Why did she do it? Because, “I seek but God and his church, and expect to find my peace in them, not in the people,” she said.

She took to praying a prayer of Pope Pius VII to cope: “May the most just, the most high and the most amiable will of God be in all things fulfilled, praised, and exalted above all forever.”

It was not the Pope’s land of origin or his personality that she submitted to, but the origin of his office and the person who chose him. She was a follower not of human rulers, but of Jesus Christ and his will for the pope.

The only way to follow the Pope is to keep your eyes on Christ.

Elizabeth’s relationship with Christ led her to follow Peter, not the other way around.

A great story tells the tale of how she literally turned toward St. Peter from St. Paul, because of the real presence of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist.

She was visiting St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in New York after having learned about Catholic doctrines but before becoming Catholic. The church is a short distance from St. Peter’s Catholic Church.

“I got in a side pew which turned my face toward the Catholic Church in the next street, and found myself 20 times speaking to the Blessed Sacrament there …. Tears plenty, and sighs as silent as deep as when I first entered your blessed Church of Annunciation in Florence, all turning to the one only desire to see the way most pleasing to my God, which ever that way is.”

The experience made Elizabeth the kind of woman who could convince others to follow Jesus and his Church.

She became a great leader the same way she became a great follower.

She often pointed her congregation to Christ, and she often said the the same thing she told them a few days before her death: “Be children of the Church, be children of the Church.”

Because of that, Pope Benedict XVI called her a “towering figure” who “with great tenacity and foresight, laid the foundations of what is today a remarkable network of parochial schools contributing to the spiritual well-being of the Church and the nation.”

What began in humility and suffering became Elizabeth’s greatest glory.

It always follows the same trajectory. We have to humble ourselves to follow God’s will to the full. We have to say what John the Baptist said: “He shall increase, and I shall decrease.”

St. Peter is well-loved because he did that successfully. Some scandalous popes are remembered shamefully because they didn’t.

It is allegiance is to Jesus Christ through it all, and the authority of Peter he established.

A version of this appeared at the Seton Shrine website.
Image: St. Peter by Frederick Hart on the campus of Benedictine College in Atchison, Kansas.


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Tom Hoopes

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Tom Hoopes, author of The Rosary of Saint John Paul II, The Fatima Family Handbook and What Pope Francis Really Said, is writer in residence at Benedictine College in Kansas. A former reporter in the Washington, D.C., area, he served as press secretary of the U.S. House Ways & Means Committee Chairman and spent 10 years as executive editor of the National Catholic Register newspaper and Faith & Family magazine. He writes weekly for the National Catholic Register and Aleteia. His work frequently appears in Catholic publications such as Catholic Digest. He lives in Atchison, Kansas, with his wife, April, and has nine children.